Illinois Legislature Makes Big Changes to Corporate and Personal Income Tax

On July 6, 2017, the Illinois legislature finally approved a state budget and enacted Public Act 100-0022. As expected, there are several changes to the Illinois income tax that will affect individual and corporate taxpayers in a variety of ways.

To help you navigate this new legislation, we have summarized the key changes below.

Personal Income Tax Increase
Effective July 1, 2017, the income tax rate will increase from 3.75% to 4.95% for all individuals, estates and trusts. 

Standard Exemption Allowance
As of January 1, 2017, a taxpayer may not claim the standard exemption if his or her adjusted gross income for that tax year exceeds $500,000 if filing jointly, or $250,000 if filing as a single taxpayer. 

Illinois Property Tax Credit
Generally, a taxpayer has been entitled to a 5% tax credit on the real property tax paid during a tax year on the principal residence of the taxpayer. However, as of the tax year starting January 1, 2017, a taxpayer cannot claim this credit if his or her adjusted gross income is greater than $500,000 if filing jointly, or $250,000 if filing as a single taxpayer.

Corporate Income Tax Increase
Effective July 1, 2017, a corporation’s income tax rate will increase from 5.25% to 7%. Please note that S Corporations are excluded from this increase. 

Domestic Production Activities Deduction 
For tax years ending on or after December 31, 2017, any Domestic Production Activities Deduction allowed under federal income tax rules will be added back to the taxpayer’s adjusted gross income for Illinois income tax purposes.  

Research and Development Credit
Taxpayers were previously allowed a tax credit for increasing research activities in Illinois. This credit has been reinstated and a retroactive credit is available for 2016.

Withholding 
Employers should immediately adjust withholding rates as a result of increases to the personal income tax.

For more information about these changes and their impact on you, or if you have other questions relating to tax law and planning, please contact your Much Shelist attorney or Julia Turk. 

Julia Turk represents clients in a variety of federal, state and local transactional matters, including income taxation and general corporate and partnership law. Julia is involved in all aspects of the creation of tax-efficient structures in mergers, acquisitions, dispositions, real estate private equity funds and corporations. She advises clients on the federal income tax consequences relating to the formation and operation of limited liability companies, general and limited partnerships, tax-exempt organizations, and S and C Corporations.

This article contains material of general interest and should not be construed as legal advice or a legal opinion on any specific facts or circumstances. Under applicable rules of professional conduct, this content may be regarded as attorney advertising.